Iron and Steel Industry in Ancient India Apr20

Iron and Steel Industry in Ancient India...

Iron and Steel Industry in Ancient India Making of iron by smelting of iron ore by smelting of iron ore was practiced in ancient India. The iron and steel produced in early days was also shaped into useful articles.  The primacy of iron technology in the Indian subcontinent is well established and there are several published books on the state of ancient Indian iron technology. Shshruta who was an authority on medical science in ancient India had described many surgical instruments in his book (3rd or 4th Century BC). One can find many descriptions of swords, daggers, spears, and other steel weapons in a number of ancient Indian literatures. Iron technology has grown steadily in ancient India and Indian iron and steel products were in great demand. The testimony of the craftsmanship and antiquity of Indian iron and steel industry is visible from the iron objects belonging to pre Christian era found from the burial sites at Adichinallur in Tinnevelly district in Tamil Nadu. Ancient Tinnevally district comprised present Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram districts. Some of other evidences of use of iron and steel products in ancient India are given below. Presentation of 30 pound piece of steel by king Porus to the conqueror king Alexander of Macedon. Iron pillar weighing around 6 tons was built between 350 and 380 AD in New Delhi.(Fig 1) Iron beams of Konark temple in Orissa (9 th century AD) Iron pillar weighing around 7 tons at Dhar distict in Madhya pradesh (12 th century AD) The Iron pillar at Kodachadri hill (12 th century AD) is of about 40 feet length is planted erect in front of Moola Mookambika Temple near peak of Kodachadri and it is compared with massive similar historic...