Technology Upgradation Management in Re-rolling Mills...

Technology Upgradation Management in Re-rolling Mills Re-rolling mills in small and medium enterprise (SME) sector play an important role in meeting the demand of the finished steel in the country. These mills are crucial to the national steel economy since they are making available a large amount of finished steel in the market.  The technology adoption level of these mills is rather low and many of these mills operate with technologies which are 50 years to 60 years old. These mills operate at low level of productivities and high level of energy consumptions. The operations of these mills are mostly manual and most of the mill parameters as well as the quality of the product depend largely on the skill of the operators. Mill owners have the complete control over the management of the mill. The re-rolling mills are presently facing many problems and challenges. These include (i) shortage of skilled workers, (ii) shrinking market because of increasing competition, (iii) higher operating costs, (iv) low productivities, and (v) high energy consumption etc. The mill owners are presently not serious to solve the problems, since they are able to run the mills for at least a shift. The mill owners’ attitude towards finding solutions to the challenges being faced indicates that they are not aware of what is stored for them in the near future. The mill owners are not realizing that ignoring the major issues at this stage, can lead them, after certain period, to such a situation which will be out of their control. With the capacity expansions being implemented by integrated steel plants in India, the availability of finished steel is improving and the competition is becoming tougher as each day is passing by. The finished steel available from the integrated steel...

Tender Technical Specification and its Contents...

Tender Technical Specification and its Contents Tender documents are prepared for the purpose of procuring materials, production unit, services, or site activities. They are used for calling the bids. A tender document (Fig 1) usually consists of three parts, namely (i) notice inviting tender, (ii) commercial specification, and (iii) technical specification. Fig 1 Components of tender document Technical specification is that part of the tender documents which provides to the bidder technical details of the materials, plant and equipment, services, or site activities which the bidder is to supply if he becomes a successful bidder. In case a plant unit is to be procured, then the technical specification is very complex since all the four types of procurements get combined into one specification. Technical specification becomes contract technical specification after incorporating the changes agreed with the bidder during the tender negotiations. The technical specification is the most important section of the tender document, both for the purchasing organization as well as for the bidders, since it is the specification which sets out precisely what characteristics are required from the materials, plant and equipment, services, or site activities being sought by the purchasing organization. Technical specification is a comprehensive document which clearly, accurately and completely describes in detail what the purchasing organization wants successful bidder to supply. A clear, accurate and complete specification is the foundation of any purchase, and ensures the best chance of getting what the purchasing organization wants. Whether the purchase is for a small simple item, or a large complex plant, or the activities to be performed at the construction site, the technical specification needs to clearly outline the requirements to the bidder. Technical specification has five mandatory requirements mainly (i) title of the specification, (ii) scope, (iii) statement of requirements, (iv) requirement for...

Employee Relationship Management...

Employee Relationship Management Employees are the major assets of an organization. They are among the organization’s most important audiences with the potential to be its most effective ambassadors. It is essential that the employees perform together as a collective unit and contribute equally towards the realization of a common goal. Employees share a certain relationship with their colleagues at the workplace. The relationship which the employees can have can be between co-employees, supervisors, managers and higher management. It is important that the employees share a healthy relationship for delivering their best performances. Employees are the focal point of an organization during its journey towards success. If the employees work together and share a good relationship with management then the organization achieves its tasks and objectives much faster. Management of the employee relationship is both important and valuable for the organization in the achievement of the competitive advantage. It is necessary to have a strong relationship between employees as well as between employees and management since it leads to better organizational productivity and performance. Employee relationship management (ERM) is a term which refers to relationship development and management between the organizational management and the employees. There are a lot of different issues in ERM which can affect employee satisfaction and which has a direct result on employees’ productivity and overall corporate culture. ERM refers to managing the relation between the different employees of the organization. The relationship can be between employee and the management as well as between employees at the same level. It is nothing but a technique which brings employees and management together on a common platform and guides them so that the organization achieves the desired targets without fighting with each other. In a layman’s language, ERM is nothing but managing interaction...

Management of Workplace Stress...

Management of Workplace Stress Workplace stress occurs when there is a mismatch between the demands of the job and the resources and capabilities of the individual employee to meet those demands. It is the adverse reaction which the employees have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them. There is a clear distinction between pressure, which can create a ‘buzz’ and be a motivating factor, and workplace stress, which can occur when this pressure becomes excessive. Workplace stress is a matter of great concern.  Excessive stress can interfere with the employee’s productivity and impact the physical and emotional health and the ability of the employee to deal with it. It can mean the difference between success and failure. Stress has been defined in different ways over the years. Originally, it was conceived of as pressure from the environment, then as strain within the person. Stress is defined as “the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them”. The generally accepted definition today is one of interaction between the situation and the individual. It is the psychological and physical state that results when the resources of the individual are not sufficient to cope with the demands and pressures of the situation. Thus, stress is more likely in some situations than others and in some individuals than others. Stress can undermine the achievement of goals, both for the individual employee and for the organization. Earlier the typical response from the management to workplace stress used to be blaming the victim of the stress, rather than its cause. But presently the situation is changing and it is now being recognised that the management has a duty, in many cases enforced by the statutory authorities, to ensure that...

Managing Fire related Processes in a Steel...

Managing Fire related Processes in a Steel Plant Steel plant is a fire hazard industry. In a steel plant heat meets flammable materials almost everywhere. People, plant and equipments, and production all are exposed to high risk of fire almost in every area of the plant. Fires result into service disruptions and production downtimes. It causes damage to the plant and equipments and burn injuries, many times fatal injuries to the people. Even a small fire can paralyze the entire plant with disastrous economic damage. The fire risk in the steel plant is immense. There are processes with very high temperatures and at many places with open flames. There are control rooms, motor control rooms, hydraulic rooms, transformer rooms, oil cellars, cable tunnels, and rubber conveyor belts etc. which are fire prone. Handling of liquid metals and slags, products with high temperatures, hot waste materials, and sediments containing hot materials are involved. There are also handling, storages and transport of flammable materials such as fuel oils, fuel gases, coal and coke, cryogenic liquids, etc., as well as requirement of cutting and welding everywhere for meeting the maintenance needs. There is presence of electrical ignition sources. There are areas where there is significant unit related fire loads are there. Due to these reasons, fire related processes such as fire protection, fire prevention, fire safety, and firefighting all have important significance in a steel plant. Classification of fires Fires are classified in the following four classes (Fig 1) as per the internationally accepted classification. Class A – These are fires involving solid materials normally of an organic nature (compounds of carbon), in which combustion generally occurs with the formation of glowing embers. Class A fires are the most common. Effective extinguishing agent is generally water in...