Industrial Relations

Industrial Relations The term of industrial relations (IR) covers the relationship of employees with the management and the organization and also with each other. Industrial relations is concerned with anticipating, addressing and diffusing workplace issues that may interfere with an organization’s business objectives, as also with resolving disputes between and among management and employees. Traditionally, the term industrial relations is used to cover such aspects of industrial life as trade union activities, collective bargaining, employees participation in management, discipline and grievance handling, industrial disputes and interpretation of labor laws and rules and code of conduct. It includes the processes of analyzing the employer-employee relationship, ensuring that relations with employees comply with applicable central and local laws and regulations, and resolving workplace disputes. The practice of counseling, disciplining and terminating employees falls within the domain of this discipline. In the words of Lester, “Industrial relations involve attempts at arriving at solutions between the conflicting objectives and values; between the profit motive and social gain; between discipline and freedom, between authority and industrial democracy; between bargaining and co-operation; and between conflicting interests of the individual, the group and the community.” Industrial relations differs from traditional human resource management since it focus on the collective aspect of relations such as labour laws, collective bargaining, the right to strike and trade union activities etc. In short, IR consists of management of collective relations between employers and the employees. Collective bargaining is a process through which employee issues are settled through mutual discussions and negotiations through give and take approach. If the issues are not settled through collective bargaining they should be referred to voluntary arbitration but not to adjudication in order to maintain congenial relations. The three main participants in the industrial relations activities are employer’s management, employees and...