Ferrous Scrap and its Collection and Recycling...

Ferrous Scrap and its Collection and Recycling Ferrous scrap also referred to as, iron and steel scrap, or simply scrap comes from end of life products (old or obsolete scrap) as well as scrap generated from the manufacturing process (new, prime or prompt scrap). It is metal that contains iron. Iron and steel scrap can be processed and re-melted repeatedly to form new products. Due to the value of metal in the ferrous scrap, it is recycled or reused wherever it is possible.  In fact, ferrous scrap is being recycled long before current awareness of environmental concerns started. Ferrous scrap is generated during the production of iron and steel, fabrication or manufacture of iron and steel products, or when the product made of iron and steel reaches its end of life. Due to the high value of the metal, the ferrous scrap is largely being recovered. Given the chemical and physical properties of the material, iron and steel produced from ferrous scrap can, in almost all applications, compete with primary iron and steel produced from ore. However the amount of scrap collected and finally recovered depends on many factors, such as the collection system, the possibility and techniques used for the collection, etc. as well as a variety of legislation. The main sources for ferrous scrap are those products, for which iron and steel is the main constituent. These are namely, vehicles (including ships and rail coaches and wagons), products of construction, machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, and packaging etc. There is a difference between carbon steel scrap and stainless steel scrap since the carbon steel differs from stainless steel by composition and treatment. Carbon steel scrap is mainly used for the production of steel in induction furnace (IF), electric arc furnace (EAF) and partly...