Considerations in General layout of a steel plant Apr01

Considerations in General layout of a steel plant...

Considerations in General layout of a steel plant A steel plant layout is a mechanism which involves knowledge of the space requirements for the facilities and also involves their proper arrangement so that continuous and steady movement of the production cycle takes place. The general lay out of a steel plant is very important and need highest of the attention in design and engineering phases of a steel plant since once a steel plant construction is over, the basic nature of its layout cannot be changed till the lifetime of the plant. Any modification in the layout at a later date will not only be difficult but will involve a major capital expenditure. The steel plant performance depends on a large scale on its general lay out. Since the layout mistakes are usually permanent and expensive, therefore it is essential that a lot of efforts of engineering should enter into evolving the most suitable arrangements of the facilities. Principle and Definition The layout in a steel plant decides the location of different production facilities and communication facilities between the production facilities. It also involves detailed location of equipment and machinery within a production facility. Moore has explained plant layout as,” The plan of or the act of planning, an optimum arrangement of facilities, including personnel, operating equipment, storage space, materials handling equipment and all other supporting services along with the design of the best structure to accommodate these facilities”. According to Riggs the objective of plant layout is, “ The overall objective of plant layout is to design a physical arrangement that most economically meets the required output-quantity and quality.” As per J L Zundi, “ Plant layout involves allocation of space and arrangement of equipment in such a manner that overall operating costs...