Direct Iron Ore Smelting Process for Ironmaking Mar28

Direct Iron Ore Smelting Process for Ironmaking...

Direct Iron Ore Smelting Process for Ironmaking Direct iron ore smelting (DIOS) process is a smelting reduction process for the production of hot metal (liquid iron). It is a two-stage process which has been developed in Japan. It uses non-coking coal in a powder or granular form to smelt iron ore fines into liquid iron (hot metal) and hence, there is no necessity of a coke ovens plant and a sintering plant. The ore fines are pre-reduced in a fluidized bed furnace and are charged in the smelting reduction furnace along with non-coking coal and fluxes. Oxygen is blown into the smelting reduction furnace. The two stages of the DIOS process consists of (i) pre reduction of iron ore in preliminary reduction furnace (PRF), and (ii) the final reduction and melting in the smelting reduction furnace (SRF). The pre reduction of the ore is carried out in two steps utilizing the exhaust gas from the SRF. Each of the steps uses a fluidized bed reactor which is designed as a vertical furnace. The development of the DIOS process started in 1988 in Japan as a joint research project among eight iron manufacturing companies who had, prior to 1988, been studying the smelting-reduction process individually. This project was sponsored by MITI, the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry. Japanese companies and Japan Iron and Steel Federation (JISF) actively supported the development of the process during the period of 1988 to 1996. Core technology study necessary for the construction of the pilot plant was done during the period 1988 to 1990. During this period core technologies were established. These core technologies include (i) an increase in the thermal efficiency of a SRF, (ii) the technology to be integrated with a PRF, (iii) the technology for...

Romelt Process for Ironmaking Mar20

Romelt Process for Ironmaking...

Romelt Process for Ironmaking Romelt process for ironmaking is a smelting reduction process for the production of hot metal (liquid iron). The process has been developed by The National University of Science & Technology ‘MISiS’, Russia (formerly known as Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys). The development work of the process started in 1978 when a group of ‘MISiS’ scientists led by Vladimir Roments began working on designing of this process. The first patent in Russia was obtained in 1979. A pilot production plant having a hearth area of 20 sq m and with a capacity 40,000 tons of hot metal per year was commissioned in 1985 at the Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works (NLMK). The pilot plant was designed by Moscow Gipromez. The design of the reliable Vanyukov’s furnace was taken as the prototype for this new method of manufacturing hot metal. The process was tested and mastered at this pilot plant between 1985 and 1998. During this period forty-one campaigns were carried out, each of which included startup and slowdown, with full tapping of hot metal and slag from the furnace. More than 40,000 tons of hot metal was produced in the pilot plant during this period and used further in basic oxygen furnace (BOF) for steelmaking. The first industrial plant for hot metal production based on Romelt technology is being built at Myanmar. The plant has been designed by Leningrad Gipromez and being supplied by Tyazpromexport, a subsidiary of Rostec. This plant has a capacity of 200,000 tons per year and is based on the processing of iron ore without its beneficiation from Pang Pet ore deposit. Pang Pet ore deposits have Fe content of up to 29 %. The plant will use non-coking coal from Kye Thee coal fields. The...