Workplace Housekeeping and Safety...

Workplace Housekeeping and Safety When people think of housekeeping, they tend to think of the common phrase which says ‘A place for everything and everything in its place’. But housekeeping means more than this. Of all the factors contributing to job safety and health, good housekeeping often appears to be the least interesting and challenging. Yet good housekeeping can be of vital importance since it means having no unnecessary items about and keeping all necessary items in their proper places. It provides a clean and pleasant working environment. Good housekeeping goes hand-in-hand with public relations. A clean and tidy workplace also enhances the image of the organization and provides immediate visible evidence of its commitment towards workplace safety and health. Both the exterior and interior of the plant need to be attractive is to project order, care, and pride. The condition of the plant makes a marked impression on all those who enter the plant, employees and visitors alike. Visitors’ first impression of the organization is important, and the image of the organization can greatly affect its sales performance. Workplace housekeeping may be defined as activities undertaken to create or maintain an orderly, clean, tidy, and safe working environment. It is a necessary component of maintaining a safe work environment at the workplace. Housekeeping practices are among the easiest and most visible safety measures which can be implemented at the workplace. Operations which are neat and organized help reduce the potential hazards at the workplace. Good housekeeping implies that a workplace is kept in an organized, uncluttered, and hazard-free condition. While this is a relatively simple concept, the benefits which can be realized from good housekeeping practices are far reaching, and affect not only safety at workplace but also the workforce health and productivity....

Impact of Workplace Environment on Employee Performance...

Impact of Workplace Environment on Employee Performance Employees are very important assets in an organization. A good organization is one which takes care of its employees. This is often done by paying attention to their workplace environment. This is because the employees spend substantial part of the time of their lives at the workplace while carrying out their work. Hence, workplace environment influences their cognitive and emotional states, concentration, behaviour, actions, and abilities. It plays an important role in the employees’ engagement as well as in their performance. In fact, workplace environment has a big contribution for the organization in maintaining a high level of employees’ productivity and hence the organizational productivity. Workplace environment can be anything which exists around the employees where they work and which affect how they carry out their work. It consists of both external and internal conditions which can influence the working spirit and hence, reflect in their performance at work. There exists a strong interaction between employees’ performance and physical workplace environment. The physical environment at work is critical to employees’ performance, satisfaction, social relations and health. The environmental conditions at the workplace are important factors which has an influence on the employees’ morale and job satisfaction and hence their performance. Workplace environment and productivity are often perceived as two opposites by the managements in some of the organizations. This is because, the managements of such organizations consider workplace environment as an extra, resource-consuming, nonproductive activity, which they dislike because of the lack of production stemming from it. They believe that the productivity enhancement of the employees can be achieved by enhancing the employees’ skills. Such managements are ignorant of the fact that majority of the productivity problems reside in the workplace environment in which the employees operate....

Safety in Rolling Mills...

Safety in Rolling Mills Worldwide, as the rolling speeds are increasing, greater emphasis is being placed on the aspects of safety while designing the mill equipment as well as during the finalization of the mill layouts. Providing high importance to safety is in the best interest of the designers, manufacturers and the users of the rolling mills. Safeguarding of the mill equipment is necessary for ensuring the safe working of the rolling mill after its commissioning. Manufacturers of the rolling mills have the objective to produce a competitive mill, while users desire to have a highly productive mill. However, before any of these objectives can be met, both the manufacturer and the user are to first determine how to engineer the mill using safe design principles to minimize operator’s risks. Investing in a safer workplace also reduces the expenses of treating injured workers, helps preventing workplace accidents besides boosting employees’ morale by conveying the message that the organization cares about its employees and wants to protect their health and safety. A brief overview of safety requirements for the equipment of rolling mill is given below. Common safety related definitions Safety is the ability of the equipment to perform its function while being transported, installed, adjusted, operated, maintained, dismantled, and disposed of under conditions of intended use specified in the instruction manual without causing injury or damage to health of the people carrying out these functions. Risk is a comprehensive estimate of the probability and the degree of the possible injury or damage to the health in a hazardous situation in order to select appropriate safety measures. Hazard is a condition or set of circumstances which can cause physical harm to the exposed personnel. Danger zone is any zone within or around the equipment in...

Standardization and the Process of Standardization...

Standardization and the Process of Standardization There is practically no economic activity nowadays which is not outlined, whether partly or totally, by the process of standardization. The worldwide acceptance of standardization is closely related to the economic globalization and the transformation of regulatory processes at the national, regional, and international levels. Standardization helps in reducing, simplifying, and organizing matters which are apt to become diversified, complicated, and chaotic if left uncontrolled. It is the process of formulating, issuing, and implementing standards. Standardization creates value at many levels. The output of the process of standardization is the creation of standards. The development of standardization as an engineering activity was pioneered in 1793 by Eli Whitney. Standardization of screw threads by Sir Joseph Whitworth dates back to 1841. Other instances of early standardization can be found during the emergence of the railway industry. Mass production became possible only through standardization. By the turn of the 19th century, standardization was already recognized in industrialized countries as a powerful tool to increase productivity through interchangeability and reduction of variety. The early part of the 20th century saw the establishment of several standardization organizations, which turned standardization into an organized and ongoing effort for industrial applications. By 1928, national standards organizations had been established in 16 industrialized countries. After the First World War, standardization, through reduction in variety, was established as a useful management tool for reducing costs. Some three decades later, seller market conditions, which prevailed for some time after the Second World War, put consumer interest under threat. To safeguard this interest and to meet the rising demand for standards for finished products, standardization activities increased in various countries, with the additional support and involvement of government and industry Definitions of standardization The standardization process is often...

Importance of Housekeeping and Cleanliness at Workplace...

Importance of Housekeeping and Cleanliness at Workplace Housekeeping and cleanliness at the workplace are closely linked to the industrial safety. The degree, to which these activities are effectively managed, is an indicator of the safety culture of the organization. Housekeeping and cleanliness not only make the organization a safer place to work in but also provide a big boost to the image of the organization. These activities also (i) improve efficiency and productivity, (ii) helps in maintaining good control over the processes, and (iii) assist in maintaining the quality of the product. These important aspects of housekeeping and cleanliness are shown in Fig 1. Fig1 Important aspects of housekeeping and cleanliness There are several signs which reflect poor housekeeping and cleanliness at the workplace in the organization. Some of these signs are (i) cluttered and poorly arranged work areas, (ii) untidy or dangerous storage of materials (such as materials stuffed in corners and overcrowded shelves etc.), (iii) dusty and dirty floors and work surfaces, (iv) items lying on the shop floor which are in excess or no longer needed, (v) blocked or cluttered aisles and exits, (vi) tools and equipment left in work areas instead of being returned to proper storage places, (vii) broken containers and damaged materials, (vii) overflowing waste bins and containers, and (viii) spills and leaks etc. Housekeeping and cleanliness refer to the processes which ensure facilities, equipment, work areas and access routes are kept in good condition. This condition is required for supporting safe and reliable operation and maintenance during normal plant operation. Additionally, during the emergency, housekeeping and cleanliness ensure that the plant operations are not inhibited. Further, the housekeeping and cleanliness both are interrelated. Reaching a good standard in one of them is difficult without reaching a good...