Safety Management System in a Steel Plant...

Safety Management System in a Steel Plant A safety management system (SMS) is a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures. It is a systematic and explicit approach in the organization defining safety activities by which safety management is undertaken by the organizational management in order to achieve acceptable safety levels. It is a term used to refer to a comprehensive management system designed to manage the safety elements in the work place. Safety management system is a systematic approach designed to identify safety hazards and risks, control all safety elements and reduce the risks to a more acceptable manner by ensuring that the controls are effective. Safety manage system can be defined as “a businesslike approach to safety’. It is a systematic, explicit and comprehensive process for managing safety risks. As with all management systems, a safety management system provides a way for setting goals, planning, measuring the performance, control documentation and continues improvement. It becomes part of the culture, the way people do their jobs There are three imperatives for adopting a safety management system for the organization. These are ethical, legal and financial. There is an implied moral obligation placed on the management to ensure that the work activities and the place of work is safe. There are defined statutory requirements which are to be met effectively. Safety management system,  since reduces the risks in the work place,  can reduce the financial exposure of the organization by reducing the direct and the indirect costs associated with accident and incidents. To address these three important elements, an effective safety management system is to include the following. To define the organization which is set up to manage safety risks. To identify the workplace safety risks and implement suitable...

Hazard, Hazid, Hazan and Hazop – part of Safety and Risk Management...

Hazard, Hazid, Hazan and Hazop – part of Safety and Risk Management Hazard, Hazid (hazard identification), Hazan (hazard analysis), and Hazop (hazard and operability studies) are important safety and risk management techniques in the steel industry (Fig 1).  Fig 1 Safety and risk management techniques Hazards Hazard is defined as ‘a condition, an event, or a circumstance that can lead to or contribute to an unplanned or undesirable event’. Hazard is a potential cause to generate a disaster. It has got the potential to cause (i) serious harm to the individual or the environment, (ii) harm, the severity of which depends on the extent and frequency of exposure to the hazard, and (iii) harm that does not usually occur, or is not usually detectable until a significant time (years) after exposure to the known hazard. Any activity, procedure, plant, process, substance, situation or other circumstance that has the potential to cause harm constitutes a hazard. Hazards are logically classified in the same way as the disaster events are classified.  Since a hazard exists because it may result into a disaster, it is usually viewed as natural based, human systems based, or conflict based.  Not every hazard results into a disaster, but every disaster is the result of a hazardous condition, whether or not that condition was recognized in advance of the event. Hazards are normally not identical, not uniform, not exclusive, and not transposable. They are not uniform in their range of occurrence, impacts, or timelines. They have got non identical pattern of development. Hence each hazard is to be understood in the context of its time and place. One hazard generally does not substitute for another, at least at the higher level of classification.  Since hazards are not the same, each hazard is to...