Waste Heat Recovery Devices...

Waste Heat Recovery DevicesĀ  Industrial furnaces are used for carrying out certain processes which requires heat. Heat in the furnace is provided by (i) fuel energy, (ii) chemical energy, (iii) electrical energy or (iv) a combination of these energies. Gases which are generated during the process leaves the furnace at a temperature which is the inside temperature of the furnace and hence have a high sensible heat content. Sometimes the exhaust gases carries some chemical energy, which raises the temperature of exhaust gases further due to post combustion because of this chemical energy. The heat energy contained in the exhaust gases is the waste energy since it gets dumped in the environment. However, it is possible to recover some part of this energy if investments are made in waste heat recovery devices (WHRDs). Methods for waste heat recovery include (i) transferring heat between exhaust gases and combustion air for its preheating, (ii) transferring heat to the load entering furnaces, (iii) generation of steam and electrical power, or (iv) using waste heat with a heat pump for heating or cooling facilities. WHRDs work on the principle of heat exchange. During heat exchange the heat energy of the exhaust gases gets transferred to some other fluid medium. This exchange of heat reduces the temperature of the exhaust gases and simultaneously increases the temperature of the fluid medium. The heated fluid medium is either recycled back to the process or utilized in the production of some utilities such as steam or power etc. The benefits of WHRDs devices are multiple namely (i) economic, (ii) resource (fuel) saving, and (iii) environmental. The benefits of these devices include (i) saving of fuel, (ii) generation of electricity and mechanical work, (iii) reducing cooling needs, (iv) reducing capital investment costs in...