Disaster Management

Disaster Management Disaster is defined as an event or series of events, which gives rise to causalities and damage or loss of properties, infrastructures, environment, essential services or means of livelihood on such a scale which is beyond the normal capacity of the affected community to cope with. Disaster is also described as a ‘catastrophic situation in which the normal pattern of life or eco system has been disrupted  and extra ordinary emergency interventions are required to save and preserve lives and/or environment’. Disasters are characterized by some or all of the following issues. They are disruptive to individuals and communities. They are not part of day to day experience and are outside normal life expectations. They are unpredictable in occurrence and effects can be of sudden onset. They require a response for which normal local resources may not be adequate. They have a wide range of effects and impacts on the human and physical environment. For reducing the impact of a disaster, a comprehensive disaster management programme is necessary in every organization which is aiming at the following activities. Development of an efficient disaster management system which improves the effectiveness of the management of disasters. Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction in order to reduce the impact of disasters. To ensure that effective disaster preparedness measures are in place in order to cope with the disasters when they occur. There is an effective emergency response and recovery when disaster strikes Disaster management cycle recognizes four major functional areas which are considered as necessary components of a comprehensive approach. These are (i) prevention and mitigation, (ii) preparation, (iii) response, and (iv) recovery. Further to these functional areas, the key responsibilities of agencies connected with the disaster management include the following. Planning – The analysis of...