Management of Internal Transport in Steel Plant...

Management of Internal Transport in Steel Plant Steel plant handles a huge amount of materials during the production of steel products. This huge amount of the materials is to be moved during the several stages of production. Various types of movements of men and materials which are taking place in a steel plant are described below. The materials movement starts with the receipt of raw materials and fuels which are to be stored and sent to the processing units for their processing. The intermediate products as well as semi-finished products need to be moved for the next stage of processing in the downstream units. The finished products and byproducts are to be dispatched to various customers. Waste products which are produced during processing are to be moved to the waste product processing units or to the dumps. Also steel plant requires store and spares, equipments, consumables, lubricants, utility items etc. in huge amounts which are to be received, stored and moved to the processing units. Steel plant also needs a large amount of water which is required for cooling, processing and many other purposes. This water is also to be received and transported to the places of need. Further a large number of people work in the plant who come to work in various types of vehicles. This vehicular traffic also consists of a big movement in the plant. The total cost of transportation of men and materials inside the plant is quite substantial and hence need a comprehensive and integrated management to keep it under control. Steel plant uses several means of transports for these movements. These movements include rail transport, road transport, conveyor transport, and pipe line transport etc. for inter shop movements while cranes, mono rails with trolleys, fork lifts, roller...