Product Quality and Manufacturing Technology Management...

Product Quality and Manufacturing Technology Management Manufacturing technology is defined as the act or process (or connected series of acts or processes) of actually and physically making a specified product from its material constituents. It is central to a production system which produces the specified product as required by the customer. Manufacturing process takes place when some input occurs in a production system and it appears as an output and provides result in the form of a product. On the other hand, manufacturing technology is that knowledge which is used in the production system during the process of manufacturing. Manufacturing technology is an interacting combination at any level of complexity, of people, materials, tools, machines, automation, software facilities, and procedures designed to work together for the common purpose of producing product of that quality which is needed by the customer. It provides the tools which enable production of the specified products.  These tools of the manufacturing technology magnify the efforts of individual workers and turn raw materials at the affordable cost into the quality products required by the customers The objectives of the manufacturing technology (Fig 1) are namely (i) low cost operation, (ii) high performance, (iii) consistent product quality, (iv) high productivity level, (v) high yield, and (vi) product customization. Fig 1 Objectives of manufacturing technologies There is a close link between the quality of the product and the manufacturing technology. An appropriate manufacturing technology is normally needed to produce product of quality since the technology is the principal quality determinant. In fact, manufacturing technology is to have capabilities to produce products of predictable quality at the productivity levels which keeps the product production cost under control. The technology needs not be unique, but it is to be mature and is to have innovative...

Problem Solving Culture in the organization...

Problem Solving Culture in the organization A problem exists when there is a gap between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. Problems need to be resolved for the organization to function properly. Employees in the organization are to be aware of the current situations to recognize whether a problem exists and are to have skills for the solving of the problems The process of problem solving is systematic. It involves defining a problem and creating the solutions for it. It consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems. It employs the abilities of the employees to use their knowledge, facts and data effectively for solving of the problems. Problem solving is an integral part of organizational life. Every time management directs employees for the production of a product or service, problems are being faced and solved and also decisions are being made. Every time an employee of the organization thinks of a new way to reduce costs, invents a new product or service, or determines how to help the organization function better in some way, problem solving is taking place. Today, problem solving is no longer an exclusive responsibility of the management. As the organization faces new and complex challenges in their effective functioning, employees in the organization are to undertake the duty and responsibility of solving workplace problems. For management, the development of creative problem-solving skills in employees is a necessity, not a luxury. The organization with innovative employees is most likely to survive and prosper. In the present day environment, all employees of the organization need to be prepared and equipped to meet the problem-solving challenges.  In turn, organizations are to make substantial investments in developing the problem-solving skills of the employees....

Workplace discipline

Workplace discipline Workplace discipline is the discipline which the employees are to observe at the workplace. It is fundamental to the smooth running of an organization. The organization runs efficiently when all its processes functions normally and the normal working of the processes occurs when the all the procedures are followed without any deviations. The word ‘discipline has the same origin as the word ‘disciple’. Just as the disciple follows the teachings of his teacher, so discipline means following the rules, laws, and procedures of the organization or the technical processes of the workplace.  As per dictionary the meaning of discipline includes instructions and learning. It also includes improvement, correction as well as punishment. Discipline is defined as a force that prompts individuals and group of employees to observe rules, regulations, systems, processes and procedures which are considered to be necessary for the effective functioning of the organization. It is also defined as an activity that involves acting in accordance with a set of known rules, proven guidelines and conventions framed for the purpose. It is basically an attitude of the mind and a product of culture and environment. Discipline refers to the regulation of behaviour of the employees of the organization involving rules that govern goal orientation and behaviour of employees inside and outside the organization. Workplace discipline consists of those features of discipline which the employees are to observe at their workplace. There are two major features of the workplace discipline (Fig 1). These are given below. Observation without any deviations the technical instructions, procedures, standards, guidelines, and practices of the technological processes which the employees are operating at their workplaces Observation of the rules and regulations of the organization which the management has framed for the functioning of the organization Fig1...

Managing the Safety and Health at Workplace...

Managing the Safety and Health at Workplace  An organization’s performance depends on the performance of its employees and the employees’ performance show vast improvement if the work is carried out by them in a workplace which is safe and has a healthy environment. Safe and healthy workplaces are always the most efficient. In fact the two go hand in hand. Also, a bad accident due to the lack of safety and healthy environment at the workplace can bring a serious damage to the organization. Safety and health at the workplace is part of the organizational management, just like production and quality. Safety and health affects production, quality, and the financial results. So it is required to be managed in the same way as other aspects such as product development, distribution, marketing, sales targets or any other management issue in the organization. It is important that management plans for it, invests in it, manages it and regulates it. In short, safety and health at workplace is an intrinsic part of the organizational management. Safety and health at the workplace is essential for preventing injury and illness to the employees at the workplace. Therefore, it is about protecting the organization’s most valuable asset which is its workers. By making available safe and healthy working environment at the workplace, the organization reduces the lost work hours and hence the cost which is associated with it. It also eliminates the interruption to the operations with resultant increase in productivity and quality. A safe and healthy workplace raises employees’ morale and thus is one of the keys to organizational success. Safe and healthy workplaces have more satisfied and productive employees (i) who produce higher quality products or/and services, (ii) return to work more quickly after an injury or illness,...

Working with Systems and Procedures...

Working with Systems and Procedures In present day competitive environment, it is essential that for survival one performs very efficiently. He is to be one step ahead of his competitors in productivity and efficiency to be competitive. He should be in a position to foresee the future things and plan properly accordingly. He should continuously improve his performance so that he is not left behind during the changing environment in the times to come. Working with systems and procedures provides a person the necessary implements for this need. Procedures are series of steps constituting a planned method of carrying out an activity. A number of procedures make a system. Systems A system is a set of detailed methods, procedures and routines created to carry out a specific activity, perform a duty, or solve a problem. It is an organized, purposeful structure that consists of interrelated and interdependent elements (components, entities, factors, members and parts etc.). These elements continually influence one another (directly or indirectly) to maintain their activity and the existence of the system, in order to achieve the objectives of the system. Systems underlie every phenomenon and all are part of a larger system. Systems stop functioning when an element is removed or changed significantly. A typical system (Fig 1) has the following: Inputs, outputs and feedback mechanism Maintain an internal steady state despite a changing external environment Display properties that are different than the whole but are not possessed by any of the individual elements Have boundaries that are usually defined Fig 1 Schematic of a system At the basic level, systems are divided into the following two categories. Closed systems – Theses are theoretical systems that do not interact with the environment and are not influenced by its surroundings. Open systems – These are real world systems whose boundaries allow exchanges of energy, materials and information with the larger environment or system in which they exist  Procedures Procedures are step by step sequence of activities...