Understanding the Organization...

Understanding the Organization An organization consists of a system where two or more people work together to achieve a group result. In the organization organized human activities take place. These human activities are the co-operative activities of two or more persons. The organization is the process of dividing up of these activities into various tasks to be performed and the coordination of these tasks to accomplish the activities. The structure of an organization can be defined simply as the sum total of the ways in which it divides its activities into distinct tasks and then achieves coordination among them. An organization is a basic social unit which is generally established for the purpose of achieving the set objectives. The organization is considered to have several distinct features. These features can be (i) a common objectives or an accepted pattern of purpose, (ii) a set of shared values or common beliefs which provide individuals a sense of identification and belonging, (iii) a continuity of goal oriented interaction, (iv) a division of work purposely planned for achievement of the objectives, and (v) a system of authority or a chain of command to achieve conscious coordination of efforts for achieving the objectives. Organizations can be either informal or formal. An informal organization can be characterized by some of the features of the formal organization, but it lacks one or more of these features. Individuals who share a common value may meet regularly to foster some objectives, and this group can become a recognizable formal organization. Some informal groups never develop the consistent characteristics of a formal organization, however, and simply remain informal. Formal organizations almost inevitably give rise to informal organizations. Such informal groups can be regarded as spontaneous organizations which emerge since individuals are brought together...