Occupational Health and Safety Management System...

Occupational Health and Safety Management System The importance of managing occupational health and safety in an organization on a sound footing is recognized by all interested parties such as employers, employees, customers, suppliers, insurers, shareholders, contractors, regulatory agencies and the wider community. There is a necessity for an organization to control and improve its occupational health and safety (OH&S) performance. Every organization needs to have sound health and safety policies and show a strong commitment for the health and safety of its employees. This can be achieved by establishing and implementing an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) within the organization. OHSMS is a network of inter related elements. These elements include responsibilities, authorities, relationships, functions, activities, processes, practices, procedures, and resources. These elements are used to establish OH&S policies, plans, programs, and objectives. OHSMS is a systematic and process driven approach for controlling and monitoring OH&S risks that can arise from an organization’s day to day activities. OHSMS also addresses to those OH&S risks which may be there due to the changing statutory provisions. The system helps the organization to be proactive rather than reactive, therefore helping the organization to improve its OH&S performance more effectively while protecting the health and welfare of the employees on an ongoing basis. There are the three basic aspects of OHSMS in an organization that are given below. For an effective OHSMS, it is vital for an organization to handle these basic aspects with significance since these three basic aspects provide the important foundation for the successful implementation of OHSMS. Hazard identification – It is the process of recognizing that a hazard exists. A hazard is a source or situation that has potential to cause harm in terms of human injury or ill health. Risk assessment – It is the process...