Mining of Iron Ores Mar14

Mining of Iron Ores

Mining of Iron Ores Iron ore is a type of mineral and rock from which metallic iron is extracted economically. This ore is normally rich in iron oxides and vary in color from dark grey, bright yellow and deep purple to rusty red. The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite (FeO(OH)), limonite (FeO(OH).n(H2O)) or siderite (FeCO3). The process of mining consists of discovery of an iron ore deposit through extraction of iron ore and finally to returning the land to its natural state. It consists of several distinct steps. The first is discovery of the iron ore deposit which is carried out through prospecting or exploration to find and then define the extent, location and value of the ore body. This leads to a mathematical resource estimation of the size and grade of the deposit. Exploration and evaluation consist of identification and quantification of ore bodies by using a range of geological, geophysical and metallurgical techniques. In its simplest forms exploration involves drilling in remote areas to sample areas. The data from exploration activities is logged, mapped, analyzed and interpreted often by using models. After the ore body has been evaluated, a detailed plan for mining is developed. This detailed plan identifies which ore bodies are to be mined and in what sequence in order to deliver the required iron ore product at an appropriate cost. The process of mine planning is an important step before the start of mine development and it continues on day to day basis once the mine becomes operational. To gain access to the iron ore deposit within an area, it is often necessary to mine through or remove waste material (also known as overburden) which is not of an interest. The total movement...