Quality of Products and Process Control...

Quality of Products and Process Control A product is said to be of desired quality when it complies with the specification as well as customer’s requirements and expectations and when it displays basic, performance and excitement functionalities. Products are produced by manufacturing processes. Also, quality cannot be tested into the product. It is to be built in the product by the manufacturing process during its manufacturing. One of the main factors which affect the quality of the product is the quality of the manufacturing process which produces the product. Sound and reliable processes produce quality products. Hence improving the quality of the manufacturing processes is a precondition for better product quality at an acceptable cost. Process as used in the terms process control and process industry, refers to the methods of changing or refining raw materials to create end products. Process control refers to the methods that are used to control process variables when manufacturing a product. Organization controls the production process for three reasons namely (i) reduce variability, (ii) increase efficiency, and (iii) ensure safety. Process control can reduce variability in the end product, which ensures a consistently high-quality product. Manufacturing processes have the many features which fall into one of the following categories Procedures – These are a series of steps followed in a regular, definite order. Methods – These are an orderly arrangement of a series of tasks, activities, or procedures. Equipment and supplies – These are physical devices and other hard goods which are needed to perform the process Materials – These are tangible elements, data, facts, figures, or information needed which along with equipment and supplies make up inputs required. People – They are numbers of individuals, skills they require, goals, and tasks they perform. Training – It is...

Stores Management

Stores Management Store is an important component of material management since it is a place that keeps the materials in a way by which the materials are well accounted for, are maintained safe, and are available at  the time of requirement. Storage is an essential and most vital part of the economic cycle and store management is a specialized function, which can contribute significantly to the overall efficiency and effectiveness of the materials function. Literally store refers to the place where materials are kept under custody. Typically a store has a few processes and a space for storage. The main processes (Fig 1) of  store are (i) to receive the incoming materials (receiving), (ii) to keep the materials as long as they are required for use (keeping in custody), and  (iii) to move them out of store for use (issuing). The auxiliary process of store is the stock control also known as inventory control. In a manufacturing organization, this process of receiving, keeping in custody, and issuing forms a cyclic process which runs on a continuous basis. The organizational set up of the store depends upon the requirements of the organization and is to be tailor made to meet the specific needs of the organization. Fig 1 Main processes of a store Store is to follow certain activities which are managed through use of various resources. Store management is concerned with ensuring that all the activities involved in storekeeping and stock control are carried out efficiently and economically by the store personnel. In many cases this also encompasses the recruitment, selection, induction and the training of store personnel, and much more. The basic responsibilities of store are to act as custodian and controlling agent for the materials to be stored, and to provide service to users...

Purchase Management

Purchase Management  Materials today are lifeblood of industry. They must be available at the proper time, in the proper quantity , at the proper place, and at the proper price. Purchasing is the function of buying materials and services from external sources in an organization. It is one of  the most critical functions as it provides the input materials to the organization for converting it into output products. Purchase management is the management of the purchase and procurement process and related aspects in the organization. Purchase department buys raw materials, equipment, spare parts, consumables, and services etc. as required by the organization and hence purchase department has a very important role in the functioning of the organization. Purchase activity is one of the most crucial activity in the organization and needs an effective management. It is the main activity in the area of material management. Often procurement and purchasing are used as synonym to each other. Procurement is used to define one of several supply functions involved in logistics activities. In the broadest sense procurement includes the entire process by which all classes of resources (people, materials, facilities and services) for the organization are obtained. Since purchasing is a unique function, it differs a bit from procurement in the sense that while procurement, with the same objective has a wider domain , purchasing with the same objective is included in it. In a manufacturing  organization, purchase is the first element which affects the product cost and hence has a big impact on the organizational profit. The organization needs an efficient and economic purchasing and procurement of its various supplies of materials from the suppliers. The purchase department which performs the function of purchasing and procurement of the materials is to function very efficiently. Purchasing is no doubt a vast and complex...