Safety Inspections and Safety Audits...

Safety Inspections and Safety Audits A sound organization must check its safety practices very carefully. The debits of possible loss or injury situations should balance against the credits of adequate safeguards. Safety audits and safety inspections are the tools which an organization use for its preparedness towards safety (Fig 1). Safety audit involves systematically going through the workplace to evaluate safety programs and practices within the organization while safety inspection involves systematically going through the workplace to look for safety hazards or lapses in safety practices. Both are important components of a workplace safety plan. They are frequently used interchangeably though they are not the same. Fig 1 Safety tools A safety audit is a structured evaluation of the application and efficiency of the safety policy, safety programs,  and safety systems of the organization. It is also a control of the compliance with the regulatory regulations and a clear standard, which may be a national standard or organizational internal standard. An audit is a widely used instrument and an important tool to improve safety. It is the process of verification that the safety programs are working. Broadly defined, an audit is a systematic review of operations and practices to ensure that relevant requirements are met.  Safety audit apply many methodologies to mitigate safety risks within the organization. Safety audits evaluate all aspects of the safety programs with special emphasis on the quality as well as the quantity of safety activities at every level. Safety audits are a managerial or a corporate activity. Safety inspection, on the other hand, is defined as that monitoring function which is conducted in an organization to identify, locate and report existing and potential hazards that could cause accidents in the work place. Safety inspections frequently reveal potential causes of...

Computerized Maintenance Management System...

Computerized Maintenance Management System Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is a computerized data base designed to optimize the management of maintenance activities in an organization. It is an orderly and systematic approach to planning, organizing, monitoring and evaluating maintenance activities and their costs. It is a management tool for planning and budgeting of equipment maintenance (routine, break down, preventive and predictive), capital repairs and equipment replacement activities. A good CMMS coupled with knowledgeable and capable maintenance work force can prevent problems related to equipment health, safety and environment deterioration. It CMMS also ensures that the organization maximizes the available maintenance resources it has at a plant, minimizes the operational downtime of its equipment, reduces the overall maintenance costs within the organization, improves the quality of the management decisions, helps in the verification of the regulatory compliance, and extends the life of the equipment at the plant. It also contributes into lowering of capital costs and improvement in quality of life. CMMS automates most of the functions performed by the maintenance personnel in an organization and hence improve their effectiveness. The main component of a CMMS is shown in Fig 1. Fig 1 Main components of a CMMS Objectives of CMMS The primary objectives of a CMMS are as follows. • To optimize the use of available funds, personnel, facilities and equipment through effective maintenance management methods. • To monitor the equipment conditions. • To provide accurate data for decision making regarding maintenance activities. • To identify systematically maintenance needs and equipment deficiencies as well as needs for capital repairs. • To determine the maintenance backlog and made provision for this maintenance. • To determine the maintenance priorities and plan accordingly • To enable preparation of maintenance budget using systematic standardized procedures. • To monitor...