Managers and their Role in the Organization...

Managers and their Role in the Organization Managers are the life of an organization. They are to ensure that the organization performs to the expectation and achieves its purpose and goals. For doing this, managers are to perform certain roles and duties, which include organizing, controlling, directing, coordinating, and leading. Managers may be the entrepreneurs, sometimes they may not be, but however, at all the times they are to balance the available resources of the organization for the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives. For the managers to carry out these duties, they have to possess certain skills which include inter-personal skill, people skill, conceptual skill, and technical skill etc. A manager is often defined as someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other employees so that the organizational goals can be accomplished. It is not about personal achievement but helping others do their job. Managers may also have additional work duties which are not related to coordinating the work of others. Manager is a job title which is used in organizations to denote an employee who has certain responsibilities to lead some functions or departments and/or employees. He has a level in the organizational structure which integrates functions and departments for implementation of the management decisions and for the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives. He is a person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individual employees, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when necessary. He is normally assigned a particular level in the organizational chart and usually has diverse responsibilities for the employees and the functions. The job description of a manager varies from organization to organization. Usually the manager is responsible for a department and has direct reporting employees for whom he has leadership responsibility. Though manager is a job title,...

Crisis Management

Crisis Management  Crisis is an event which harms an organization, its facilities, its finances or its reputation within a short period of time. A crisis can occur as a result of an unpredictable event or as an unforeseeable consequence of some event that had been considered a potential risk. In either case, crisis almost invariably requires that decisions be made quickly to limit damage to the organization. Crisis management is the application of strategies designed to help the organization deal with a sudden and significant negative event. Crisis management is the art of making decisions to head off or mitigate the effects of such an event, often while the event itself is unfolding. This often means making decisions under stress and without the support of key pieces of information. Crisis management is the management and coordination of the organization’s response to an incident that threatens to harm, or has harmed, the organization’s people, structures, ability to operate, valuables and/or reputation. It takes into account management’s planning and automatic incident response, but must also dynamically deal with situations as they unfold, often in unpredictable ways. The study of crisis management originated with the large scale industrial and environmental disasters in the 1980s. Under the present day environment crisis management is an important and necessary component of managing an organization since in the current day situation, no organization is immune to crisis. Crisis may hit an organization in the shape of terrorist attack, industrial accidents, product recall or natural calamity etc. Crisis management is closely linked to public relations where the organization’s image and pride are at stake. Following three elements are common to a crisis. A threat to the organization The element of surprise A short decision time Crisis is a process of transformation where the...

Leader and leadership...

Leader and leadership Leadership is a process of social influence by which a leader enlists the aid and support of the followers in the accomplishment of a common task. It can be defined as the ability of a person to get others to willingly follow. It is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. It is a way of focusing and motivating group of people to enable them to achieve their aims. It makes the people accountable and responsible for the organization as a whole. It is the process of guiding people while operating to meet organizational requirements and improving the organization through a change. Leadership style is the style of the leader to provide direction, to implement plans, and to motivate people. It is the result of the philosophy, personality, and experience of the leader. Different types of leadership styles are prevalent. They are (i) engaging style, (ii) autocratic style (iii) participative or democratic style, (iv) free rein style, (v) self loving style, (vi) toxic style, (vii) task oriented style and (viii) relationship oriented style. Different situations call for different leadership styles. In an emergency when there is little time to converge on an agreement and where a designated authority has significantly more experience or expertise than the rest of the team, an autocratic leadership style may be most effective; however, in a highly motivated and aligned team with a homogeneous level of expertise, a more participative or democratic style may be more effective. The style adopted should be the one that most effectively achieves the objectives of the organization while balancing the interests of different persons. A leader is a person who organizes...