Glossary of Terms used for Safety Management in a Steel Plant...

Glossary of Terms used for Safety Management in a Steel Plant The glossary of terms normally used for safety management in a steel plant is given below. Accident – An unplanned event that results in harm to people, damage to property or loss to process. Accident causation – The many factors that act together to cause accidents. They include (i) personal factors, (ii) job factors, and (iii) factors related to lack of management control. Accident investigation – The process of systematically gathering and analyzing information about an accident. Accident prevention – The systematic application of recognized principles to reduce incidents, accidents, or the accident potential of a system or organization. Confined space – It is an area which is not designed for continuous human occupancy and has limited opening for entry, exit and ventilation. Contract employee (Contractor) – An individual supplied by an external company (contractor, sub contractor, consultant or vendor) on a full or part time basis and who is providing a service (production, maintenance, or administrative support) to the organization. The contractor safety, health and well being are primarily supervised by the external contractor’s supervisor or manager. He is paid by the external company directly. The external company presents an invoice for the contract for service to the organization. Controls – These are measures designed to eliminate or reduce hazards or hazardous exposures. Emergency plan – It is detailed procedures for responding to an emergency such as fire, explosion, chemical spill or an uncontrolled release of gas or energy. Emergency plan minimizes the effects of a disaster. Employee (Company employee) – Employee is a person who is on the payroll of the organization. He has an employee number that identifies the person as an employee of the organization and who is directly...