Importance of Communication in the Organization...

Importance of Communication in the Organization Communication has been derived from the Latin word ‘communis’, meaning to share. It is considered to be the exchange of an information, thought and emotion between individuals of groups. It plays a fundamental role in balancing the objectives of the employees and the organization. It consists of the activity of conveying information. Hence, it requires a sender, a message, and an intended recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender’s intent to communicate at the time of communication. Hence, communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The process of communication (Fig 1) is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender. Feedback is critical for effective communication between the sender and the receiver of the message. Organizational communication is one of the important segments of the communication. Fig 1 Process of communication The two most common definitions of communication are (i) communication is sending and receiving of messages by means of symbols and in that context organizational communication is a key element of organizational climate, and (ii) communication is transfer of information from sender to receiver under the condition that the receiver understands the message. Communication is a process which is transactional (i.e., it involves two or more persons interacting within an environment) and symbolic (i.e., communication transactions ‘stand for’ other things, at various levels of abstraction). An organization involves a social collectivity (or a group of persons) in which activities are coordinated in order to achieve both individual and collective goals. By coordinating activities, some degree of organizational structure is created to assist employees in dealing with each other and with others in the...

Management Information System...

Management Information System  Management information system (MIS) is a planned system for collecting, storing, and disseminating data in the form information needed to carry out the functions of the management. It provides information that organization requires to manage itself efficiently and effectively. MIS deals with information related to technologies, processes, operation, personnel, areas, and other things, within an organization and in the environment surrounding the organization. Information means data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to the management and employees of the organization. Data, in contrast, are streams of raw facts representing technologies, processes, operation, personnel, areas, and other things occurring in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form that management and employees can understand and use. Typical features of an MIS is shown in Fig 1 Fig 1 Typical features of an MIS  Management information system can be defined technically as a set of interrelated components that collect (or retrieve), process, store, and distribute information to support decision making, coordination and control in an organization. In addition to supporting decision making, coordination, and control, MIS may also help management and employees to analyze problems, to visualize complex subjects, and to bring forward new solutions. Management information system is also defined as an information system that evaluates, analyzes and processes an organization’s data to produce meaningful and useful information on which the management takes right decision to ensure success and future growth of the organization. As per another definition MIS is an information system that provides information in the form of standardized reports and displays for the management. MIS is a broad class of information systems designed to provide information needed for effective decision making.  The three components in MIS gives...