Contingency Planning

Contingency Planning Unforeseen threats never knock on the door before their arrival. They just arrive and destroy everything that comes in their path. Contingency planning provides protection against these unforeseen threats. In the case of an organization, contingency planning covers failures of critical systems, equipment, automated processes, energy, communications, suppliers, personnel, and natural calamities. It consists of the actions taken by the organization to prepare the organization for an impending emergency. It is a management tool used to analyze the impact of potential crises so that adequate and appropriate arrangements are made in advance. It is general enough that it confers different ideas to different disaster managers and emergency personnel, depending on their circumstance and area of concern. The cost to implement and activate a contingency plan can be high, but the impact of its absence is prohibitive. Further if a small contingency is not curtailed in time then it can create a snowball effect and rapidly generate a greater crisis. In the organization, it is essential to have mechanisms that ensure constant operation. When there is an unexpected disruption, an appropriate contingency plan can make a huge difference. The definition of an optimal contingency plan is a complex problem involving diverse resources such as systems, equipment, spare parts, services, and specialized manpower etc. The contingency solution involves alternative processes and recovery strategies so that in the case of a contingency, all the necessary resources are available in order to bring the system back to normal operation using the minimum resources and in the least possible time. Chinese general Sun Tzu has said, “Plan for what is difficult while it is easy, do what is great while it is small. The difficult things in this world must be done while they are easy; the...

Safety in Steel Industry and Its Measurement...

Safety in Steel Industry and Its Measurement At its simplest, safety in iron and steel industry can be defined as ‘the avoidance, prevention and amelioration of adverse outcomes or injuries stemming from the process of iron and steel production.’ Safety is an important issue in the operation of the steel plant. It has implications for cost, delivery, quality, and social responsibility. Minor accidents can interfere with production in a variety of ways, and a serious accident can shut down the entire operation. Simply trying to avoid damage is not enough. For a safe and reliable operation, errors of all kinds are to be reduced, if not totally eliminated. Safety managers adopt a view where safety is seen more as the ability to anticipate and effectively respond to hazards and difficulties. Successful  steel organization is resilient in the sense that it deal effectively with the constantly changing, but always hazardous, terrain of steel production Safety is sometimes equated with preventing errors. This seems innocent enough, but it is a potentially limiting assumption. There is no question that an understanding of error is fundamental to the safety of the employees. However, there are differences of view as to whether the focus of safety should be on error or on harm. The safety culture of an organization is the product of the individual and group values, attitudes, competencies and patterns of behaviour that determine the commitment to, and the style and proficiency of the safety programs in the organization. It is founded on the individual attitudes and values of everyone in the organization. A strong organizational and management commitment is also implied. Safety needs to be taken seriously at every level in the organization. Organization with a positive safety culture is characterized by communications founded on mutual...