Quality of Products and Process Control...

Quality of Products and Process Control A product is said to be of desired quality when it complies with the specification as well as customer’s requirements and expectations and when it displays basic, performance and excitement functionalities. Products are produced by manufacturing processes. Also, quality cannot be tested into the product. It is to be built in the product by the manufacturing process during its manufacturing. One of the main factors which affect the quality of the product is the quality of the manufacturing process which produces the product. Sound and reliable processes produce quality products. Hence improving the quality of the manufacturing processes is a precondition for better product quality at an acceptable cost. Process as used in the terms process control and process industry, refers to the methods of changing or refining raw materials to create end products. Process control refers to the methods that are used to control process variables when manufacturing a product. Organization controls the production process for three reasons namely (i) reduce variability, (ii) increase efficiency, and (iii) ensure safety. Process control can reduce variability in the end product, which ensures a consistently high-quality product. Manufacturing processes have the many features which fall into one of the following categories Procedures – These are a series of steps followed in a regular, definite order. Methods – These are an orderly arrangement of a series of tasks, activities, or procedures. Equipment and supplies – These are physical devices and other hard goods which are needed to perform the process Materials – These are tangible elements, data, facts, figures, or information needed which along with equipment and supplies make up inputs required. People – They are numbers of individuals, skills they require, goals, and tasks they perform. Training – It is...