Human Resource Management...

Human Resource Management All organizations need resources of manpower, money, material and machinery to function effectively.  The resources by themselves cannot fulfill the objectives of the organization, they need to be collected, coordinated and utilized through human resources who in turn are to be managed effectively and efficiently. Hence human resource management (HRM) is a major activity in an organization that deals with issues related to people. It is the process of recruitment, selection of employee, providing orientation, induction, and training as well as the development of skills, performance appraisal of employees, providing proper compensation and benefits, motivating, communication, administration, maintaining proper relations with employees as well as with trade unions, maintaining employee’s safety, welfare and health by complying with labour laws and organization development. HRM is a multidisciplinary subject. It involves management functions like planning, organizing, directing and controlling. It includes the study of management, psychology, communication, economics and sociology. It involves team spirit and team work. It is a continuous process. The core purpose of the human resource management is to make efficient use of existing human resource in the organization.  The ten ‘Cs’ of HRM are (i) cost effectiveness, (ii) competitive, (iii) coherence, (iv) credibility, (v) communication, (vi) creativity, (vii) competitive advantage, (viii) competence, (ix) change, and (x) commitment. Definitions Edwin Flippo has defined HRM  as  ‘planning, organizing, directing, controlling of procurement, development, compensation, integration , maintenance and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and social objectives are achieved’. The National Institute of Personal Management (NIPM) has defined HRM as ‘that part of management which is concerned with people at work and with their relationship within an enterprise. Its aim is to bring together and develop into an effective organization of the men and women who make up enterprise...

Human Resource Development...

Human Resource Development Human resource is needed to be developed to suit the change in the external environment of an organization. Human resource development (HRD) helps to adapt such changes through the development of existing human resource in terms of skills, knowledge and the capacity to perform. It represents the capability enhancement of human resource within an organization through the development of both the employee and the organization. The capacity of the employees depends on their access to education. HRD is the integrated use of training, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group and organizational effectiveness. HRD develops the key competencies that enable employees of an organization to perform current and future requirement of the assignments and/or jobs through planned learning activities. HRD is also used to initiate and manage change.  It also ensures a match between the needs of the employees and the organization. HRD is a function in an organization that provides opportunities for an individual employee to improve current and future job performance, while simultaneously best utilizing human capital in order to improve the efficiency of the organization itself. Ideally, well developed and well implemented HRD systems are integral to the organization’s strategic plan and benefit both the employee and the organization. HRD activities of an organization are shown in Fig 1. Fig 1 HRD activities of an organization The importance of HRD is obvious in an organization when one considers that in any activity of an organization it is the human element that commands, directs, organizes, controls and maximizes the factors which influences the performance. The quality of people appropriate to a particular level and complexities of the activity determines how well or poorly, the tasks are accomplished. With the rise of learning society and lifelong learning during the second...