Tender Technical Specification and its Contents...

Tender Technical Specification and its Contents Tender documents are prepared for the purpose of procuring materials, production unit, services, or site activities. They are used for calling the bids. A tender document (Fig 1) usually consists of three parts, namely (i) notice inviting tender, (ii) commercial specification, and (iii) technical specification. Fig 1 Components of tender document Technical specification is that part of the tender documents which provides to the bidder technical details of the materials, plant and equipment, services, or site activities which the bidder is to supply if he becomes a successful bidder. In case a plant unit is to be procured, then the technical specification is very complex since all the four types of procurements get combined into one specification. Technical specification becomes contract technical specification after incorporating the changes agreed with the bidder during the tender negotiations. The technical specification is the most important section of the tender document, both for the purchasing organization as well as for the bidders, since it is the specification which sets out precisely what characteristics are required from the materials, plant and equipment, services, or site activities being sought by the purchasing organization. Technical specification is a comprehensive document which clearly, accurately and completely describes in detail what the purchasing organization wants successful bidder to supply. A clear, accurate and complete specification is the foundation of any purchase, and ensures the best chance of getting what the purchasing organization wants. Whether the purchase is for a small simple item, or a large complex plant, or the activities to be performed at the construction site, the technical specification needs to clearly outline the requirements to the bidder. Technical specification has five mandatory requirements mainly (i) title of the specification, (ii) scope, (iii) statement of requirements, (iv) requirement for...

Steel Project and Phases in its life cycle...

Steel Project and Phases in its life cycle Steel project consists of activities through which a steel plant is conceptualize, designed, constructed and handed over for operation for the production of steel products. Steel project being a large scale in nature requires considerable time period as well as funds for its execution. Further, steel project is normally driven by the triple constraints which represent the balance of time, resources (human and otherwise), and technical performance (quality). Every steel project is unique in nature. This is because one steel project differs from other steel project with respect to its composition and the nature of the triple constraints. Also, steel project does not involve repetitive processes which are very common with the operation of the steel plant. Time scale of a steel project is well defined and it has a clear specified start and end date within which the project is to be completed and handed over for its operations. Steel project has an approved budget and the project is required to be completed within the allocated level of financial resources. Other resources needed for the project execution such as equipment and materials as well as human resources are also usually limited. Steel project also involves an element of risk. It has to overcome several uncertainties as it moves forward during its execution. Many of these uncertainties are caused by external factors and cannot be foreseen. The uncertainties generally result into disruption in the process of project planning as well as in the execution of the project. Every steel project has a life cycle. It starts with the initiation of the project and ends with the handing over of the plant for operation. There are some of the project activities, which extend beyond the handing over...

Project Planning in a Steel Project...

Project Planning in a Steel Project A steel project is a series of activities which takes place over a pre-arranged period of time to achieve a specified aim of commissioning of the project. The activities of steel project are usually one time activities which are not to be repeated in near future. Steel project activities differ from plant operation which consists mostly of routine activities. For achieving the specified aim, it is essential that project activities are properly and systematically planned. Project planning is done to increase the likelihood that the project will be implemented efficiently, effectively and successfully. Also, it is very much necessary that required time, resources, and efforts are provided as well used for the preparation of the project plan since a defective plan can lead the project to a situation which becomes out of control of the project team. A project plan is a formal, approved document of the project which guides the project execution and is required for the management and control of the project. It forms the basis for all the actions which are required to be taken by the project team for the implementation of the project. The planning document is not of permanent nature since it is necessary to continuously update it as the work of the project progresses. Project planning is important since (i) it guides the project team in its activities, (ii) it helps the project team to remain on track while progressing on work, (iii) It helps in focused monitoring of the work progress, (iv) it helps in the effective use of the resources, and (v) it creates confidence in everyone connected with the project that the project team by following the plans is on right course towards achievement of the results. The...

Phases in the Design and Construction of a Steel Plant Jul10

Phases in the Design and Construction of a Steel Plant...

Phases in the Design and Construction of a Steel Plant  Steel plant is a project which is highly capital intensive and need a very long time for its construction and commissioning. Further steel plant is to operate for a very large number of years after commissioning and during this period steel plant has to cope with the changes in the operating environment. Hence proper decision making is of utmost importance during the different phases of the plant till commissioning.  Any faulty decision during the implementation phase can create a lot of problems for the operating personnel and they have to live with the problem throughout the life of the plant. Various phases of the design of a steel plant and the decisions needed during these phases are described here. Selection of product mix Steel plant is set up to produce certain primary steel products which are required by the customers. During the production of primary steel products, some secondary products and by products are also produced which are to be sold. Selection of the product mix is a very important decision making process since the technology and production process selection in the plant depends on the product mix. Criteria for selection of the product mix include market survey, future demand projections by dependable agencies, and government policies and projections etc. Another important criterion for the selection of the product mix is the type of market the plant is to serve after commissioning. The market can be (i) captive use, (ii) local market, (iii) national market, (iv) export market, or (v) all of them. Site selection and land acquisition After the product mix is frozen the next step is the selection of site for the steel plant. The selection of a suitable site is a...