Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan for a Steel Project...

Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan for a Steel Project The environment clearance (EC) process for a steel project (Fig 1) has the following built in steps. These steps are (i) screening, (ii) scoping and consideration of alternatives, (iii) baseline data collection, (iv) impact prediction, (v) assessment of alternatives, description of mitigation measures and environmental impact statement, (vi) public hearing, (vii) environment management plan, (viii) decision making, (ix) monitoring of the clearance conditions. Fig 1 Process for obtaining environment clearance for a steel project The environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan (EMP) is part of EC process. EIA and EMP is normally necessary for obtaining EC for (i) those projects which can significantly alter the landscape, land use pattern and lead to concentration of working and service population, (ii) those projects which need upstream development activity like assured supply of mineral products supply or downstream industrial process development, (iii) those projects which involve manufacture, handling and use of hazardous materials, and (iv) those projects which are located near ecologically sensitive areas, urban centres, hill resorts, and places of scientific and religious importance. For obtaining EC for the steel project, it is essential that a report covering the EIA and EMP) is submitted to the regulatory authorities. This report assists the process of decision making with regards to the EC for the project. In addition to getting EC for the project, the purpose of the EIA and EMP report is to take into account the environmental aspects of the project not only during its implementation but also after its commissioning. The purpose of EIA is to identify and evaluate the potential impacts (beneficial and adverse) of the steel project on the environmental system. It is a useful tool for decision making based...

Environment Management System in Steel Plant...

Environment Management System in Steel Plant Environmental Management System (EMS) is a set of processes and practices which enables an organization to manage the impacts of its organizational activities on the environment and also to increase its operating efficiency. It is a framework which helps the organization to achieve its environmental goals through consistent control of its operations. The framework includes organization’s environmental programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner and includes the organizational structure, planning and resources for developing, implementing and maintaining organizational policy for the protection of the environment. It provides a structured approach to planning and implementation of the environment protection measures. However the EMS itself does not dictate a level of environmental performance that must be achieved since EMS of every organization is tailored to meet the business and goals of the organization. Elements of an EMS EMS encourages the organization to continuously improve its environmental performance. The basic elements of an EMS are as follows: The organization commits initially to an environmental policy. It includes review of the present status and future environmental goals of the organization. Analysis of the environmental impacts and the legal requirements. Keeping environmental policy as the basis, the organization sets the environmental objectives and targets for reducing environmental impacts and for complying with the legal requirements. Establishment of plans for improving the environment performance and also for meeting the objectives and targets of the organization. Monitoring, measuring and evaluating the progress for achievement of the objectives. To ensure environmental awareness and competence of the employees of the organization. To take corrective actions if the objectives and targets are not being met. To have regular review of the progress of the EMS and to make improvements on continuous basis. Environment management system standard In...