Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan for a Steel Project...

Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan for a Steel Project The environment clearance (EC) process for a steel project (Fig 1) has the following built in steps. These steps are (i) screening, (ii) scoping and consideration of alternatives, (iii) baseline data collection, (iv) impact prediction, (v) assessment of alternatives, description of mitigation measures and environmental impact statement, (vi) public hearing, (vii) environment management plan, (viii) decision making, (ix) monitoring of the clearance conditions. Fig 1 Process for obtaining environment clearance for a steel project The environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management plan (EMP) is part of EC process. EIA and EMP is normally necessary for obtaining EC for (i) those projects which can significantly alter the landscape, land use pattern and lead to concentration of working and service population, (ii) those projects which need upstream development activity like assured supply of mineral products supply or downstream industrial process development, (iii) those projects which involve manufacture, handling and use of hazardous materials, and (iv) those projects which are located near ecologically sensitive areas, urban centres, hill resorts, and places of scientific and religious importance. For obtaining EC for the steel project, it is essential that a report covering the EIA and EMP) is submitted to the regulatory authorities. This report assists the process of decision making with regards to the EC for the project. In addition to getting EC for the project, the purpose of the EIA and EMP report is to take into account the environmental aspects of the project not only during its implementation but also after its commissioning. The purpose of EIA is to identify and evaluate the potential impacts (beneficial and adverse) of the steel project on the environmental system. It is a useful tool for decision making based...

Environment Auditing – a Tool for Steel Plant Management...

Environment Auditing – a Tool for Steel Plant Management An integrated steel plant operates several processes which cause pollution of the environment. Steel plant management recognizes the importance of environmental matters and knows that the environmental performance of the steel plant is under scrutiny not only by the regulating authorities but also by a wide range of interested parties. Environmental audit, in general, is a methodical examination involving analyses, tests, and confirmations to verify whether the steel plant’s emissions, discharges and waste management comply with statutory requirements, internal norms and accepted practices. During the environmental audit, procedures and practices of the steel plant are also examined. Environmental audits are usually voluntary in nature and they are not the requirement which is imposed by the regulating agencies. Environmental auditing began in the USA in the early 1970s, when a handful of industrial organizations, working independently and on their own initiatives, developed environmental auditing programmes as internal management tools to help review and evaluate the status of the organizations’ operating units. It enabled managers to check compliance with (i) local environmental laws and regulations. (ii) National environmental laws and regulations, and (iii) corporate policies. It was also regarded as an activity useful for avoiding prosecution or civil law suits under the increasing pressures from environmental legislation. In the rest of the world, the evolution of environmental auditing was largely due to the influence of USA subsidiary companies operating abroad. Environmental auditing only became widely accepted by industry in the late 1980s as a common management tool in developed countries, and is increasingly being applied in developing countries by both multi-national and local industry. As organizations began to realize the value of paying attention to environmental issues, the concept of environmental auditing itself has evolved to address...