Design and Engineering for Steel Project...

Design and Engineering for Steel Project Design and engineering activities are most critical for a steel project. They start at the time of the initiation of the project and continue for the whole life cycle of the project i.e. till the project is completed and handed over for operation. Further, nature of the design and engineering activities undergo changes as the steel project moves forward on its path of progress. Design and engineering consists of the task of translating a set of functional requirements of the project into a full set of specifications and drawings providing the details needed. It involves a variety of special fields which include (i) process engineering, (ii) civil engineering, (iii) structural engineering, (iv) mechanical engineering, (v) electrical engineering, (vi) fluid engineering, (vii) instrumentation and control engineering, (viii) automation and control activities, (ix) geo-technical engineering, and (x) environmental and safety engineering etc. In a steel project, whether it is a green field or a brown field, design and engineering is the most essential activity, since no other activity can take place without it. In fact, all the project activities have very high dependence on the design and engineering. As an example, the plant and equipment are procured based on technical specifications determined during project engineering. Similarly the erection of plant and equipment is carried out as per erection drawings. During design and engineering, it is necessary to take regulatory authorities approval on certain categories of drawing and documents. These approvals are to be taken well in time so that further engineering work can proceed without fear of it becoming redundant in case the regulatory authorities seek major modification of drawing and documents before according the approval. During design and engineering, a very large amount of information is handled. The type...

Digitization Process

Digitization Process The information contained in traditional print materials such as important records, minutes of important meetings, original drawings, and other similar documents cannot be preserved for a very long time due to several reasons. As the time pass by, the information contained in these materials fades out, the medium becomes brittle and finally the document becomes unusable. These documents can be lost forever unless there are alternative arrangements for recapturing and reproducing them. Fortunately, technological advances have provided suitable alternatives for the preservation of such valuable documents. Digitization process is of crucial importance for data processing, storage and transmission, because it “allows information of all kinds in all formats to be carried with the same efficiency and also intermingled”. Unlike analog data, which typically suffers some loss of quality each time it is copied or transmitted, digital data can, in theory, be propagated indefinitely with absolutely no degradation. This is why it is a favoured way of preserving information in an organization in the present day environment. Digitization process in an organization deals with strategies, methods and tools used to capture, manage, store, preserve, and deliver content and documents related to organizational processes. It deals with tools and strategies which streamlines the unstructured information of the organization. Digitization is the process of converting information into a digital format. In this format, information is organized into discrete units of data (called bits) that can be separately addressed (usually in multiple-bit groups called bytes). This is the binary data that computers and many devices with computing capacity can process. Text and images can also be digitized.  Similarly digitization of audio and video presentations is also possible. Digitization process is also known as imaging or scanning and is the means of converting hard-copy, or non-digital, records into digital...