Coordinating – A Management Function...

Coordinating – A Management Function  In every organization, different types of work are performed by various departments and work groups and no single department or work group on its own can be expected to achieve the goals of the organization as a whole. Hence, it becomes essential that the activities of different departments and work groups of the organization are harmonized. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. It ensures unity of action among individuals, work groups and departments, and brings harmony in carrying out the different activities and tasks so as to achieve the organizational goals efficiently. The concept of coordinating always applies to group efforts. There is no need for coordination when only single individual is working. In other words, coordinating function is the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common goal. In an organization, all the departments must operate in an integrated manner so that the organizational goals are duly achieved. Coordinating function involves synchronization of different efforts of the various departments so that the planned objectives are achieved with minimum conflict. The significance of coordinating as a function of management mainly arises from the fact that work performed by different departments and groups form integral part of the total work for which the organization exists. Without harmonized effort or unity of action, achievement of goals in some departments may run counter to that of the other departments, or the timing of achievements may not match properly. The coordinating function of the management prevents overlapping and conflict so that the unity of action is achieved. Coordinating function of the management consists of inter-relating the various parts of the work as well as the work of different departments. It...

Directing – A Management Function...

Directing – A Management Function Directing is a management function through which the management instructs, guides, and inspires the employees by communicating with them. It also oversees the performance of the employees for the achievement of the predetermined goals. It is the function of leading the employees to perform efficiently, and contribute to their optimum for the achievement of the organizational objectives. Directing is a very important management function for every organization. Directing is an important link with the other management functions. The functions of planning and organizing lose their importance if the function of directing is missing in the chain of management functions. While the functions of planning and organizing prepare a base for action, the function of directing initiates the action in the organization. The process of directing in the organization is not limited to initial set of instructions but is a process which takes place on a continuous basis after it has started. Further, this process takes place at all the levels of the management. Directing functions follows the hierarchy of the organization which means that it begins at the top management level and then travels downwards in the management hierarchy. Directing consists of the process and techniques of issuing instructions for making certain that operation are carried out as planned. It is telling the employees what to do and seeing to it that they do to the best of their ability. The management experts have defined this function in many ways. Some of the definitions are given below. “Activating deals with the steps a manager takes to get sub-ordinates and others to carry out plans”. – Newman and Warren. “Directing is the inter personnel aspect of managing by which subordinates are led to understand and contribute effectively and efficiently to...

Functions of Management...

Functions of Management Management is the process of directing resources in an efficient and effective manner towards the accomplishment of the organizational objectives. It is described as a social process involving responsibility for economical and effective planning and regulation of operation of the organization for the fulfilment of the given purposes. It is a dynamic process consisting of various elements and activities. These activities are different from operative functions like marketing, finance, purchase etc. Rather these activities are common to each and every manger irrespective of his level or status. Various management experts have defined management. Some of the definitions of these experts are given below. “Management is the development of people and not the direction of things. Management is the personnel administration.” – Lawrence A. Apply “The art of getting things done through people”- Marry Parker Follet “Management is the art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organised groups.” – Horold Kanontz “To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control.” – Henry Fayol “Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, activating and controlling to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources.” – G.R. Terry “Management is simply the process of decision making and control over the action of human beings for the express purpose of attaining pre-determined goals.” – Stanley Vance Activity of the management is carried out for fulfilling its responsibilities for achievement of the organizational objectives by pursuing different functions of the management.  Different management experts have broken down, listed and explained these functions. The number of broken down functions by different management experts varies. Some have listed four, some have listed five and some even more than five.  However the...