Management of Safety in an Iron and Steel Plant...

Management of Safety in an Iron and Steel Plant Iron and steel industry is a combination of complex processes and large scale operations. Its processes are extremely hazardous in nature. There are potential dangers inherent in the industry’s working environment and to which its employees are exposed, unless suitable and stringent precautions are observed. In the absence of suitable and stringent precautions, operations in the iron and steel industry expose employees to a wide range of hazards or workplace activities or conditions that can cause incidents, injury, death, ill health or diseases. The unsafe acts, accidents, and related outcomes are mainly due to three general causes (Fig 1), namely (i) causes involving the person, (ii) causes involving the system, and (iii) causes involving system–person sequential interrelationships. Fig 1 Causes for unsafe acts and accidents In the unsafe acts with person-as-cause, the employee attitudes and behaviours are the most important antecedents to unsafe acts, accidents, injuries, and other outcomes such as compensation claims. The employees who have the worst attitudes are the most likely to have accidents. However, the tendency to engage in at-risk behaviours in work settings can be reduced through training and behavioral reinforcement. The system based viewpoint emphasizes technical system factors as the primary determinants of workplace accidents. The unsafe acts due to operator error are very frequently have their true roots in system design. In these cases, many of the unsafe acts ranging from quality errors to major disasters, can be traced to system design and process management. Hence in these cases there is a need for correction in the system and design. In the case of the unsafe act due to system–person sequential interrelationships, the role of organizational climate (a social system variable) and the technical attributes of the system...