Organizational Learning...

Organizational Learning  An organization must learn so that it can adapt to a changing environment. Historically, the life cycle of organizations typically spanned stable environments between major socioeconomic changes. Many Fortune 500 companies of two decades ago no longer exist. The ever accelerating rate of global scale change has made the organizational learning very critical and its adaptation by organizations has become very relevant for the success, and ultimate survival of the organization. Organizational learning is based on applying knowledge for a purpose and learning from the process and from the outcome. It is the process of detection and correction of errors. The organization learns through its employees whose learning activities are facilitated by an environment in the organization that may be called an organizational learning system. Organizations learn only through individuals who learn. However, individual learning does not guarantee organizational learning. But without it there is no organizational learning. The concept of organizational learning has been borrowed and developed from the individual learning process which is normally believed to be a very sophisticated process and involves all aspects of the human nature and the interaction with the environment. Understanding the individual learning process is a good starting point to understand organizational learning, but it does not provide the entire picture. Organization is in a more complicated context than an individual to the environment. Organizational learning is not simply the collectivity of individual learning processes, but engages interaction between individuals in the organization and with the organization, interaction between organizations as an entity, and interaction between the organization and its contexts. The history of organizational learning dates back to early 1950s when this concept was mentioned in reference to the birth and death of public administrations. During early 1960s, researchers became attracted by the...